Symptoms and Diagnosis of Testicular and Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
There are no warning signs or symptoms of early prostate cancer. Once a malignant tumour causes the prostate gland to swell significantly, or once cancer spreads beyond the prostate, the following symptoms may be present:
- A frequent need to urinate, especially at night.
- Difficulty starting or stopping a stream of urine.
- Inability to urinate standing up.
- A painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation.
- Blood in urine or semen.
These are not symptoms of the cancer itself. Instead, they are the symptoms of the blockage from the cancer growth within the prostate and surrounding tissues.
Symptoms of advanced prostate cancer include:
- Dull, incessant deep pain or stiffness in the pelvis, lower back, ribs, or upper thighs; arthritic pain in the bones of those areas.
- Loss of weight and appetite, fatigue, nausea, or vomiting.
- Swelling of the lower extremities.
- Weakness or paralysis in the lower limbs.
Testicular Cancer Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A lump or enlargement in either testicle
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
- A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
Cancer usually affects only one testicle. Report any pain, swelling or lumps in the testicles or groin area, especially if these signs and symptoms last longer than two weeks.