Testicular Cancer and Prostate Cancer Treament Types
Prostate Cancer Treatments
The latest treatment options somewhat confusing where each has its pros and cons. No single treatment is right for every man with prostate cancer and will vary with
- The grade and stage (severity) of cancer
- Lifestyle considerations
- Other important factors
Early stage prostate cancer
Early-stage prostate cancer refers to cancer that is contained entirely within the prostate gland. It has not spread -- metastasized -- either to local tissues or to distant body parts, such as bone. This type of cancers is the most curable.
There are three basic options for early stage prostate cancer. The two active treatment options, surgery and radiation can often lead to a cure when used alone. Men with intermediate-risk or high-risk disease usually need a combination of therapies to achieve a high likelihood of cure or disease control.
The three options for early-stage/low-risk prostate cancer are:
- Radiation therapy - either external beam radiation or radioactive tumour seeding (brachytherapy)
- Active surveillance, also known as expectant management or watchful waiting
The third option is not actually a form of treatment. Instead, it's a form of close patient management.
There is a fourth basic treatment option: hormone therapy. It is usually reserved for older men too debilitated for active treatment and for treatment of men with more advanced disease.
Chemotherapy plays only a limited role in prostate cancer treatment. It's reserved primarily for the treatment of men with advanced or recurrent prostate cancer that does not respond to hormone therapy.
The choice of surgery, radiation, or expectant management may depend on several factors:
- Age and life expectancy
- Other serious health problems, such as heart disease
- Personal preference, informed by the physicians opinion, about whether to begin treatment or to wait
- Concerns about the side effects common with prostate cancer therapies
Testicular Cancer Treatment
The options for treating testicular cancer depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, overall health, and personal preferences. Treatment options may include:
- Radiation therapy
Development of Testicular Cancer Treatments - Carboplatin
In the 1960s, the survival rate was shockingly low: Only six per cent of men survived the disease. These days, the cure rate is 99% if caught early enough, largely due to successful treatments called cisplatin and carboplatin. Carboplatin was developed at The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), home of the Everyman Centre.