Skin Cancer

No Surrender offer a wealth of information about Skin Cancer. We understand the support patients may need along the way and we also provide all the latest medical information regarding the symptoms and treatment for the different types of Skin Cancer.

You can also find out the leading Skin Cancer hospitals and support groups right here.

Diagnosis and symptoms of Skin Cancer

Early signs and skin cancer symptoms

The most important warning sign for melanoma is any change in size, shape, or colour of a mole or other skin growth, such as a birthmark. It is important to use the ABCDE rule to evaluate skin changes over a period of time and contacting the physician if any of these changes are observed.

Signs of melanoma in an existing mole include changes in:

Melanoma can develop in an existing mole or other mark on the skin, but it often develops in unmarked skin. Although melanoma can grow anywhere on the body, it often occurs on the upper back of men and women and on the legs in women. Less often, it can grow on the soles, palms, nail beds, or mucous membranes that line body cavities such as the mouth, the rectum, and the vagina. On older people, the face is the most common place for melanoma to grow. And in older men, the most common sites are the neck, scalp, and ears.

Late symptoms

Late signs of melanoma include:

Symptoms of metastatic melanoma may be vague and include:

Skin Cancer Diagnosis: Exams and Tests

Evaluation of a skin lesion

A physical exam of the skin is used to evaluate the skin for melanoma. If melanoma is suspected, a skin biopsy will be done. If the biopsy shows melanoma, the pathologist will measure the thickness of the melanoma to find out how advanced the cancer is.

Other techniques may include total-body photography to monitor for changes in any mole and to watch for new moles appearing in normal skin. A series of photos of the suspicious lesions may be taken. Then the photos can be used as a baseline to compare with follow-up photos.

Evaluation of lymph nodes

Larger than normal lymph nodes may be followed by a sentinel lymph node biopsy to see whether the melanoma has spread to the lymph system.

Evaluation for possible metastases (spread of cancer)

A complete medical history and a physical exam are needed to find out whether the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body. Imaging tests, including positron emission tomography (PET scan), computed tomography (CT scan), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), may be used to identify metastases in other parts of the body, such as the lungs, brain, liver, or other organs.

Early Detection

Skin self-exam is a good way to detect early skin changes that may point to melanoma. A skin self-exam is used to find suspicious growths that may be cancer or growths that may develop into skin cancer (pre-cancers). Adults should examine their skin once every month. Look for any abnormal skin growth or any change in the colour, shape, size, or appearance of a skin growth.

There are other steps that can help prevent skin cancer or detect it at an early stage.