Ongoing Research into and preventing Cervical Cancer
There is plenty of ongoing research into Cervical Cancer, leading to potential preventives. Here are a few listed below. Early detection and treatment of abnormal changes in cervical cells may reduce the risk for cervical cancer. Additionally, risk factors for these abnormal cell changes can also be reduced.
Regular Pap test screening
The recommended Pap test schedule is based on the person's age and things that may increase her risk. For most women, it is best to have a Pap test every 1 to 3 years.
Women who smoke cigarettes or who breathe in second-hand smoke have a higher risk of developing cervical cell changes that can lead to cervical cancer.
For ages 26 and younger the vaccines Cervarix and Gardasil protect against two types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause cervical cancer. Gardasil also protects against two types of HPV that cause genital warts. Three shots are given over 6 months. The series of shots is recommended for girls aged 11 or 12 and can be given to females aged 9 to 26.
Reduce the risk of a sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) often cause abnormal Pap tests and can lead to other serious health problems. Preventing an STD is easier than treating an infection after it occurs. The most common cause of cervical cancer is infection with a high-risk type of the HPV. Since the HPV virus may remain in body cells for life, abnormal cervical cell changes that cause cervical cancer can be the result of either the woman or her partner having had HPV infection years earlier. HPV infection usually does not cause symptoms, so the person may not be aware of a current or past HPV infection.
Not having sexual contact is the only certain way to prevent exposure to STDs. Sexually transmitted diseases such as human papillomavirus (HPV) can be spread to or from the genitals, anus, mouth, or throat during sexual activities.