Cervical Cancer

The importance of cervical screening and educating women and girls about spotting the symptoms of Cervical Cancer has never been so great. Read about the various symptoms here as well as information regarding latest Cervical Cancer research, the treatments and survival stories.

Cervical Cancer Prognosis and Survival Rates

Researching prognostic factors for cervical cancer is very important because the disease is so common and can spread so quickly.

Early Detection

One of the most important prognostic factors involves how early the cancer is detected and how far it has spread. Women who undergo annual pelvic exams and Pap smears have a greater chance of detecting any abnormalities or cancerous tissue during the early stages. This can play a crucial role regarding the chances of treating the cancer successfully or having the disease come back. Many procedures such as radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser treatment or chemotherapy may be effective in removing all the cancerous tissue if the cancer is detected early enough and is restricted to the cervix area. Unfortunately, a patient's chance of survival decreases if the cervical cancer has not been detected early enough and spreads to other parts of the body.

Size of the Tumour

The size of the cancerous cells or tumour is another prognostic factor for cervical cancer patients. Because cancer cells can divide very rapidly, it's crucial to detect the disease while the tumours are still relatively small. In fact, a tumour starts from a single cell so smaller masses of cancerous cells are less likely to spread. In most cases, small detected tumours can be treated successfully.

Types of Cervical Cancer

Prognostic factors are also determined by the type of cervical cancer. Approximately 75% of patients are diagnosed with squamous cell cervical cancer and approximately 10% of patients have adenocarcinoma cervical cancer. A much smaller number of patients develop a form of cancer containing elements of both types. Less than 1% of the population will develop another very rare form of this disease. Certain types of cervical cancer don't respond as well to treatment. 

Cervical Cancer Stages

Cervical cancer contains is rated using stages 0 to 4. Local treatment is used for the initial stages and affects only a small part of the body. More advanced stages of cervical cancer will require a systemic treatment which involves treating the entire body.